The Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation has published a White Paper – an official document prepared by the department together with the Higher School of Economics, relevant State corporations and companies leading high-tech industries. This is a summary analysis of the development of high technologies in Russia and abroad, defining the guidelines of the research agenda and the development potential of 10 key areas.
One of them is promising space systems. As noted in the document, the states with reserves in these technologies will gain strategic competitiveness in the long term. The introduction of advanced space technologies opens up significant opportunities for growth in various sectors of the economy: agriculture and forestry, mining, construction, transport and logistics, information and communications, education, public administration.
Thus, in Russia, by 2030, it is planned to provide full coverage of the country’s territory, including the Arctic zone and the Northern Sea Route, with satellite communications services, digital broadcasting and high-speed Internet access, to ensure the development of Internet of Things services and remote sensing of the Earth. In order to ensure high-definition television broadcasting and increase the availability of satellite communications, it is necessary to further develop existing orbital groupings based on the Information Satellite Systems named after Academician M. F. Reshetnev created by the company (part of the Roscosmos State Corporation) spacecraft “Express” and “Yamal”.
Experts paid special attention to the creation of a multi-satellite low-orbit data transmission system “Marathon IoT”, which ISS specialists are working on. It is aimed at wider dissemination of Internet of Things services and, as a result, large-scale introduction of unmanned and robotic systems in transport, in the agro-industrial complex and other sectors of the economy. The deployment of the Skif broadband Internet access system will also contribute to the achievement of the benchmarks set by the country’s leadership.
Stationary and mobile objects throughout Russia and on a global scale will be able to connect to the World Wide Web. The system will allow for operational redundancy of land communication lines and mobile connection in remote and hard-to-reach areas. As a result, high-speed Internet access will be organized on air, sea, river and land transport, as well as the implementation of a number of related technological tasks.